GAVRETO is a once-daily oral RET-targeted therapy developed by Blueprint Medicines. It is designed to selectively and potently inhibit RET alterations that drive many cancer types, including approximately 1 to 2 percent of patients with NSCLC. Currently, RET is one of seven NSCLC biomarkers that can be targeted with an FDA-approved therapy.
GAVRETO was granted accelerated approval by the FDA, and continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in a confirmatory trial. In 87 patients previously treated with platinum-based chemotherapy, the overall response rate (ORR) was 57 percent (95% CI: 46%, 68%) with a 5.7 percent complete response (CR) rate, and the median duration of response (DOR) was not estimable (95% CI: 15.2 months, not estimable). In 27 treatment-naïve patients who were ineligible for platinum-based chemotherapy per the study protocol, the ORR was 70 percent (95% CI: 50%, 86%) with an 11 percent CR rate, and the median DOR was 9.0 months (95% CI: 6.3 months, not estimable). GAVRETO has warnings and precautions of interstitial lung disease/pneumonitis, hypertension, hepatotoxicity, hemorrhagic events, risk of impaired wound healing and risk of embryo-fetal toxicity.
GAVRETO is the second breakthrough therapy discovered by Blueprint Medicines that has received FDA approval in 2020, less than 10 years since the company started operations.
Blueprint Medicines and Genentech plan to make GAVRETO available in the U.S. within one week. GAVRETO will be available in a 100 mg dose strength, and the recommended starting dose is 400 mg once daily.